The Bamboo Forest Acting As The Ecosystem


Bamboo: Size and Distribution: Bamboo is evergreen and a very lively plant. This plant is a grassy plant, the size of which varies from species to species (up to 40 meters from some centers). It is mainly found in Asia and the United States, a minority in Africa and Oceania, and not found in Europe. Breeds in the cold and tropical climates of East Siberia. Some species (including Mao Bamboo) grow very quickly (up to 1 meter per day), but most are about 5-10 cm per day.

Tree or bamboo, the difference: The most interesting difference between wood and bamboo for us is that the tree spreads through the underground network of rhizomes (roots) into the environment. The shoots turn into stalks, reaching their maximum height and thickness in just one season (3-4 months), becoming harder and denser for the next 3-4 years. Mao bamboo stems are collected from four to five years after birth, as soon as they reach the maximum content of lignin and cellulose, so they are very similar to wood. From 6 years old, plants can be attacked by fungi and fungi that penetrate and break down pulp. Therefore, cutting becomes easier, and there are periods (usually four to six years) that can be used later in the construction industry. Cutting the stem does not regrow it, but in the continuous breeding cycle of the forest, new stems continue to grow or sprout on the ground. Therefore, it is impossible to cut the whole forest or bamboo crops, since only certain stems are too young or too old and are suitable for cuttings that are not used for this purpose.

Renewable Resources: It is evident here that the fundamental difference between forests and bamboo forests is ecological sustainability. Here, at first, the "full capital" or part of it must grow for a very long period of time, and in the second case, "interest" "due to several years, due to the steady and steady growth of the stem. This leads to annual deforestation in about 20% of areas. In fact, in forest management, it is common to record the year of birth on each plant so that it is possible to cut certain plants, not just the side, in which they can live only two years. For this reason, mountains covered with bamboo are never destroyed by deforestation but remain intact.

SUBSTRATE STRUCTURE: Another interesting factor associated with forest ecosystems or bamboo farms is that the soil under the bamboo trees is filled at depths of 70-100 cm as part of the actual underground structure of all the relative rhizomes and compact roots. In this way, it is possible to properly seal the ground in case of heavy rain and protect the floor from erosion. For this reason, stems can withstand rainwater in pipes, so in steep terrain and rough terrain, bamboo is used in many parts of the world.

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